Kefalonia Travel Guide

© 2013 Kefalonia Travel Guide - contact: email - info@kefalonia-tg.com

The island of Kefalonia is said to be named after King Kefalos, who was the 1st King of the area back in the Palaeolithic era. According to the locals, he founded the four main cities of the island which were Sami, Pahli, Krani and Pronnoi, and named them after his sons, which explains why the island was called Tetrapolis (Four Towns) during this period.  Those four cities were completely independent with their own regimes and currency.  


Over the years Kefalonia has been ruled by a number of different regimes, most notably the Romans, Venetians, the Ottoman Empire, the French and the English.


During the English period various important constructions of public interest were built including the British Cemetery, the De Bosset (Drapano) bridge in Argostoli, the Lighthouse of Saint Theodori (Fanari) and the impressive Municipal Theatre of Kefalonia.

Kefalonia was finally united to the rest of independent Greece in 1864, the same time as the rest of the Ionian Islands.


During World War II the island was occupied by the Axis powers, around 12,000 Italians and 2,000 Germans.  After the armistice with Italy the Germans took full control of the island and executed over 5000 Italian soldiers just outside Argostoli.  There is a memorial on the hillside close to the field where they were killed, commemorating the loss.


Although World War II ended in 1945 in central Europe, there was still conflict on Kefalonia due to the Greek Civil War which ended in 1949.


August 1953 saw the island devastated by a series of earthquakes, the 3rd and most destructive hitting the island in the morning of August 12th with a magnitude of 7.3.  The epicenter was just off the south coast of Lixouri and raised the whole island by 60cm.  The earthquakes destroyed almost every house, flattening almost 80% of the island, the only area to remain relatively unscathed was Fiskardo in the north.  


International help came relatively quickly, the first to arrive was the British Royal Navy’s HMS Daring.  A street in Argostoli has been named after the ship.  This was quickly followed by aid from Sweden, Norway and the USA.   


The tiny village of Assos was severely damaged but rebuilt by the French. The villagers showed their gratitude by naming the square Paris Square.

THE HISTORY OF KEFALONIA

Recommended Accommodation

Located in the picturesque village of Katsarata near Fiskardo, Villa Evanthia is a new three-bedroom villa with a pool with wonderful views of the Ionian Sea and nearby islands… read more


Click Here for a List of Villas with pools on Kefalonia…

Evanthia Villa, near Fiskardo

This two-bedroomed house, with its imaginative garden design, private pool, elegant interior and proximity to a private beach, lives up to its name. Only the eye and experience of a talented architect could create a house worthy of such a setting.... read more

The Architects House, Evreti